11 October 2013

Illustrations techniques

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Usually visualization or depictions like sketching, painting, drawing and even photography by an artist is called Illustration.

Illustration techniques


It is the art of making designs on to a hard and flat surfaces, by cutting grooves into it.

  • Tool used - Burins or graves
  • Surfaces - Silver, nickel, gold, steel, brass, titanium, copper, wood, stone and more
  • Uses - making of logos for industries like printing, coins and utensils

Gravers pic shown below

Gun Bow - hand engraving machine picture shown below

It is the process of making designs by cutting on metal surfaces using strong acid or mordant.

  • Surfaces - copper, zinc and steel
  • Uses - manufacturing of printed circuit boards and semi conductor devise, glass

Woodcut (Xylography)
It is the technique of printmaking, where a image is carved into the surface of a block of wood.
Wood cut picture shown below.

Similar to Wood cut, but the material Linoleum (floor covering made from linseed oil) is used.
Lino-cutting using handheld gouger tool shown below.

Other techniques

  • Sumi-E (Also referred as Ink wash painting)
  • Pen and Ink illustration
Some related terms :

Ideogram :
Ideograph or Ideogram is a graphic symbol that represents an idea or concept.

Pictogram or pictograph is an other term (an ideogram) that conveys its meaning through its pictorial resemblance to a physical object.

Petroglyph :
Also called "Rock engravings" are pictograph and logo-gram images created by removing part of a rock surfaces by incising, picking, carving and abrading. An example shown below.

Petroforms :
Known as boulder outlines mostly human-made shapes and patterns made by lining up large rocks on the open ground.

Stick figure :
It is a very simple drawing of a person or animal, composed of a few lines, curves and dots.

It is the group of printing and printmaking techniques in which a image is cut (with a V shape) into  a surface and the cut portion holds the ink.
techniques - Engraving, etching, dry point etc.

Writing systems :

Devanagari :

The most commonly used script for Sanskrit and is used to write Hindi, Marathi, Nepal, Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Bodo, Gujari, Pahari, Konkani, Magahi, Maithili, Marwari, Bhili, Newar, Santhali, Tharu, Sindhi, Dogri, Sherpa, Kashmiri and Punjabi.

Tamil language was the first Indian language to be declared as "classical language" by the government of India in 2004. Tamil is one of the longest surviving classical languages in the world !!! and is considered as "the only continuous recognizable language and also one of the richest literature's in the world".

Hieroglyph - here
More about writing systems - here

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References :

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  1. (..in addition to last paragraph in this article)
    Sanskrit (in 2005)
    [In 2008 Tamilnadu government filed against Telugu and Karnataka languages getting 'classical language status' in high court, however it was striked away.]
    Telugu (in 2008)
    Kannada (in 2008)
    Malayalam (in 2013)
    Odia (in 2014) got classical language recognitions.


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