11 October 2013

Artistic tools, paintings and sculpture materials

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Action painting :
Paintings were done by spontaneous dribbling, splashing or smearing onto a canvas.

Aerosol paint :
A spray type of paints, generally enclosed in spray bottles; like that of a perfume spray bottles.

Airbrush :
Unlike aerosol, airbrush sprays ink and dye.

Brush :
  • A tool with wire, bristles and sometimes hairs.
  • Types : wire brush, hair brush, ink brush, pastry brush.
  • Common sizes of brushes : 10 mm to 100 mm in multiples of 10 (excluding 30 mm)
Shapes of brushes picture below

More details about brushes - here

Paint pad :
picture shown below

Paint roller :

Batik :
It's a kind of cloth made out of wax-resist dyed material, famous in olden days especially in India, China, Japan and other traditionally famous countries.

Other tools for painting

  • Cloth, Sponge, stick,  and Palette knife (used for mixing or applying paint with steel blade).

(Palette pic) - http://2.bp.blogspot.com/


"Graffiti" - is a way of writing or drawing involving scribbling, scratching or spraying on a wall or other surface in public place; similar to action painting.

"Stencil" is a thin sheet of material, such as paper, plastic or metal with letters or a design cut from it.

"Mural" is artwork applied or painted on a wall, building or other large permanent surfaces. Some mural techniques were Aerosol painting, digital painting, Fresco, image projector and Pounce

"Multi-sketch" is an animation method of story-telling where a sequence of hand-drawn sketches are created simultaneously while narrating it with voice.

Drawing terms

Media - refers to the both the material that is manually applied and to the base onto which material is applied.

Media (material) examples : Graphite, Pencils, pens, chalk, conte, crayon, fusain (a type of charcoal), fingers (with ink or paint), marker, pen, ink, sand, pastel and even water color.
Bases examples : Paper, plaster, canvas (plain-woven fabric material), card stock, wood, metal, scratch board (paper cardboard or hardboard), concrete and other walls, soil, rock, cloth and anything that accepts the point of stick.

Pastel is a type of stick, made of pure powdered pigment (dry colorants) and a binder.

Canvas is the most common medium for oil painting.

- The method of application is a stick type object with a point.

Now, let us look through the painting media

Painting Media types :
Ink, oil paint, primer, stencil, Tempera (permanent painting pigment usually made of egg yolk), water color, black light paint, Fresco, Gesso, Glaze, Gouache, Latex, Magna paint etc

Please search Google to know more about the new terms that I mentioned above.

Painting Bases :

Paper, cloth, glass, canvas, cloth, tattoos, metal, wood and walls.

Some Digital media software's
Photoshop, Illustrator, Maya and Adobe Alias. Note that Microsoft power point is a very good tool to work with drawings, besides MS Paint. You may also refer some Solid works, Bentley and  Auto-desk software's in future for product and other designs.

Other online resources 
Something about printmaking - here

Sculpture materials 

Tools :
Bristle brush, chisel, clamps, hammer, scraper, knife, pliers, scraper, saw, potter's wheel, sand paper, wire cutter, cutting torch (gas cutting) power tools (drillers, cutters, cleaners, blowers etc) and snips (a kind of scissors).

Commonly used carving materials for sculpture
Stone, marble, wax, wood, Plaster of paris, Ice, Granite, Ivory, Gem stone (carvings in gem; piece of minerals) and Bone carving (carvings using materials like bones of animals and horns). 

Bone carvings - http://davidshi.com

Commonly used casting materials for sculpture

Cement, metal, plastic, plaster of paris, synthetic resins and wax.

Building materials :

Naturally occurring substances
Brush (from which huts were made), Ice, clay blocks, wood/timber, clay bricks, sand, stone/rock, mud, Thatch and clay.
Thatching is a method of building roof with natural dry things like straw, sedge, water reed etc.,

Artificial substances
Concrete (mixture of cement and aggregate (gravel)), fabric, foam, glass, steel, copper, chrome,  titanium and other alloys, plastics.

Leisure time study
  • More about building materials - here
  • Historican architectures - here

Download Pdf format of this page - here

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Reference :

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  2. Can u add some famous painters of India on this page ?

    1. Will consider your suggestion but will add in future :)

  3. Hi
    I really appreciate your blog it eases the mode of preparation as by providing links and practice paper,those are easy to understand. Do you have any blog for NID Mdes preparation and even some relevant information regarding portfolio preparation for students those are not from Design background.
    Thanks and best regards,

    1. I don't have any blog for NID, but u can get the portfolio guide here -

      Tips on how to make a Design Portfolio

  4. Thanks again for portfolio link. Your CEED blog is indeed helpful even for NID in many ways will follow this as well. :)
    Much regards and with best wishes,

  5. is this blog helps for nift exam??

    1. check nift syllabus and go thru those topics in the blog! many topics of UCEED, NATA, JEE, NIFT and NID are common!

  6. Nice information Sir.
    One more addition from my side, "emboss painting"

  7. Thank You bhanu sir for creating such a resourceful place. I found this link on the internet : http://rojubo.com/artinclass/ . It some really good lessons on art.

    1. the link doesn't seem much helpful, anyway thanks for sharing

  8. best blog on coreect info abt art u rock bro

  9. very useful information bhanu sir


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